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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 10, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key, strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. the crisis in syria spreads to the country's second city of aleppo. who was behind a double bomb attack? rising up against austerity measures in athens, as the government cuts deeper. the people of greece say enough is enough. the sport of polo takes a turn in china where a growing class --millionaires is sadly no saddkbn -- saddling up.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the violence in serious spread even further today when two explosions would off in the city of aleppo killing 28 people according to state media. this is the first attack on a northern city since demonstrations against president assad began nearly a year ago. the government is planning armed terrorist gangs but opposition activists are pointing fingers at the assad regime. >> aleppo had largely been untouched by the uprising and now this. a key huge bomb blasts in quick succession. the state television began filming live footage of bodies and human remains. the bombs went off near security buildings but civilians seem to have made up the bulk of the casualty's third of the government blamed terrorists. activists said the security
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forces did it. >> we lay this entirely at the feet of the regime. people took to the streets for protests for freedom and liberation. >> a further south towards damascus, the battle goes on for parts of homs. activist reported more shelling and debts. they are expecting an all-out ground assault but it has not happened yet. >> where is the humanitarian in the u.n.? where is the u.n.? why would they do anything about this? those are civilian houses over there. human beings live in those houses. >> conditions are said to be getting increasingly desperate after days of bombardment with long lines for bread and medical supplies are running out.
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president obama has said this is outrageous. turkey is feeling the outrage. it's one minister is in washington trying to coordinate backing to step up efforts to support the syrian opposition. >> i would prefer to have a regional awakening, this is a process which we should all towards -- which we should all step towards. without such a change in our region, there can't be stability. >> as the violence intensifies, so did the recriminations. russia is accusing the west of being accomplices in the bloodshed for encouraging the opposition. the west is blaming russia and china for not pressing president assad to halt the carnage and step down. there is no clear way out. >> for more on the violence unfolding inside of syria and
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where the arab spring stands one year after hosni mubarak was driven from power, i'm joined by a professor of arab politics at georgetown university. thank you very much. >> you are welcome. >> the violence is escalating on a daily basis and we are hearing a lot of talk but not much action. what can be done at this stage, if anything, to stop the violence? >> i don't think that the violence will stop. the pressure on the syrian regime has not been effective, either by the arab league or the international community. we have seen also the result at the security council. also people are talking about actively army and the opposition and coordinating of the opposition said that they can mount an effective front or force against the regime and hopefully that will some -- that will produce some incentives within the regime for people to defect or some negotiations or something that we're not
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witnessing on a daily basis. >> who should be responsible for arming the opposition and aren't we in danger of provoking a proxy war? >> of course. that is the question, whether more civilians will be killed as a result of that. there are some countries in the region, particularly in the arab or persian gulf that have entertained ideas. there is talk of that in this city, washington, d.c. as well. doing that formally is another matter. there is a talk about not recognizing the bashar al-assad regime in the arab league. these are the types of things i think that we're likely to see going forward. >> turning to the arabs bring in a more general context and of course it is widely believed that syria is a product of that movement, what has it achieve? in egypt, we have demonstrations planned for tomorrow calling for
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the overthrow of the ruling military council. it sounds as though nothing has changed. >> that is not true. there has been a tremendous amount of change. we have seen a change in libya, tunisia, egypt. in egypt, the system is still there. we have seen major protests in yemen that have produced some change, maybe not enough as we would like. there was major protests in bahrain that were met with tremendous repression. syria is a part of this. the arab spring or the arab uprising has achieved a tremendous amount. the removal of dictators in libya, tunisia, egypt. it is a question of time in syria. >> is a part of the problem what comes next? there is so much to come. this will be a question for syria as well. >> some states are doing better with it or are having an easier
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time than others. the military has essentially been removed from the political scene and now they are working out what democratic politics will look like. in egypt, the situation is much more difficult because the military was still there. in libya, the situation is difficult as well because of the lack of political institutions that are viable. as varied as outcomes, different degrees of difficulty. overall, this has been a positive thing. >> thank you very much for coming. >> moving now to greece where violence erupted on the streets of athens when white police clashed with protesters. the demonstrations were the latest show of anger at new austerity measures. the government will be forced to make deeper cuts to get the latest round of bailout funds. >> another day, another protest
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in athens. tempers are flaring again. things are getting desperate. five years of recession, salaries shrinking, taxes rising. no wonder many greeks and feel like they are being pushed right to the edge. >> a worker will not be able to live off of the celebes mandated by the new measures. a large number of people will lose their jobs and even a working person will not manage to get by. >> whatever measures are taken, i think that they are a disgrace. people are very upset and i have no idea what the situation will lead to. >> now they are being asked for more sacrifices. ministers have resigned in protest. anyone hoping for a quick approval from the rest of the eurozone is always going to be disappointed. >> the choice is either a
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humiliation for our country or even greater humiliation if we try to take a stand that will have an even bigger social cost. the era of populism and delusion is over. we must make decisions. >> other eurozone finance ministers have laid down the law. meet our terms, implement the promises that you make, or there is no deal. without one, greece will run out of money and default next month. europe says it is up to politicians in athens. >> it is not -- the steps they take in the next weeks and days will determine the prospects of the country and its people in order to put an end to a sustainable public finances. >> the headlines make grim reading. under any agreement, the economy would be monitored much more interested leave by the eu officials. it does not end there.
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-- the economy would be monitored much more intimately by eu officials. private banks are writing off a huge chunk of greek dead. it is unlikely that the debt burden will be anywhere near sustainable. that means that even more money these to be found. there is no one lining up to pay. it is because there is a real lack of trust now if greece is willing or able to implement a soft tough reforms. -- such a tough reforms. trust is not easily regained. >> on the island nation of mal dives, is the political situation is worsening as they're calling for new elections. a u.n. envoy is in the country trying to resolve the deadlock which has triggered several days of violence.
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>> a show of force, soldiers and riot gear and outside of the main mosque as worshipers gathered for friday prayers. among them was the island's former president. afterwards, he came out to a hero's reception from his supporters. officially, he is facing arrest but for now he is still a free man. yet again, the maldives political process was playing out in the streets of the capital. you can see the kind of reception that the former president is still able to get. this is just after friday prayers. a huge crowd has come out on to the streets to show their support. the maldives first democratically elected leader is warning of street protests if its new rulers don't compromise.
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>> this is obviously a coup. right now, to be reinstated is not possible. what i am suggesting is that we have to go for fresh elections. >> the former colonial power, britain, is watching this closely. first of all, they're looking for calm on the streets. otherwise, there is a requirement for an independent review of what has taken place here over the last few days. for now, the florist -- the taurus are flying in for their -- the tourists are flying in for the slice of paradise. >> the pakistani prime minister is expected to appear before the supreme court. he is accused of failing to
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reopen a corruption case against the president. the case dates back 10 years to the time that the president and his late wife, benazir bhutto, were convicted in switzerland of laundering of millions of dollars in kickbacks. a court handed down a life sentence to a man from kosovo who confessed to shooting dead two u.s. airmen last year. he is an ethnic albanian who was born in cosa vote but grew up in germany. the american service men were attacked at the airport last march. now to the gathering which brought three of the republican presidential contenders off of the campaign trail and here to washington. before a packed crowd at the conservative political action conference, rick santorum, mitt romney, newt gingrich had a lot riding on their speeches. perhaps none more than a romney
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who made this contrast with president obama. >> as i say across this country, this election really is about a battle for the soul of america and it will come down to a choice, a choice between whether we want a nation to be of and by washington or a nation of and by a free people. we conservatives believe in freedom and free people, free enterprises. >> a mitt romney do enough to quiet the critics? here to discuss this is a political analyst for msnbc. we have heard from me say all of this before. he said he would be a pro-life president, oppose gay marriage. he is not saying anything new. has he done enough? did he appeal to the conservative base? >> we don't know. we will know when super tuesday sweeps across the country. we saw the tape of mitt romney
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confessing his conservatism. there is a lot of tape of him pulling away from this conservatism when he was talking about this in the election against ted kennedy. the conservatives are saying, they don't know who to trust because both mitt romneys are saying two different things. >> if he goes too far to the right, he risks losing support of independent voters and those in the general election. >> he is the perfect general election candidate because he is perceived to be moderate, the problem is that he is having a hard time getting through the primaries. the interesting silver lining is that when you take a look at his vote margins in the primaries that he has one, those are battleground states for the fall. it goes back to my argument that he is a wonderful general election candidate, his problem is that he cannot close the
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deal with conservatives. >> there is the controversy over birth control. president obama was forced to compromise over a plan to have employers provide it free birth control for women. critics said it was an attack on religious freedom. is this a white house missed that just as the administration was being buoyed by some good economic news? >> yes, they really boggle this. the reason why is because in this country, religious tourism is a date -- religious pluralism is a big deal. you should not force any religious aides are -- for any religious organization to go against their conscience. >> these issues, will they be what the voters will be paying their hopes on when they go to the ballot box? >> it is still the economy and
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that is why feet best front runner is mitt romney. >> thank you for having me. -- it is still the economy and that is why mitt romney is the front-runner. >> we go to bahrain to see how opposition groups are trying to make their voices heard. as britain prepares to celebrate queen elizabeth's diamond jubilee, new photographs have emerged of the royal family taken more than 60 years ago. we report on the rare images and why they are coming to light now. >> a first glimpse inside a very private album. prince charles cuddling his sister and already revealing an interest in horticulture. it seems like it might have been a tiring photo shoot but some find relief from photos and books. they are wonderful memories for
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the photographers family who is releasing these photos. >> he told me all about them. he said he had taken the picture in the mayor. he was always worried that he had done it. he took the chance. -- he said he had taken the picture in the mirror. >> this is believed to be the first photograph of elisabeth as queen. it was used for an official portrait. i imagine coming here in 1952. your job was to photograph the new monarch. she was just a young mother coming to terms with her official role. as part of the jubilee celebrations, more and more material like this is being released giving us a rare insight into her private life. one expert says that the collection is unique.
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>> they were allowed to pose. in the early picture of the queen, she is made to look like a film star. >> so secret are the photos that they have been headed for six decades. now, they are a perfect souvenir for the diamond jubilee. >> in bahrain, it has been almost a year since opposition groups occupied at the square in the capital demanding change. unlike the movements in libya, tunisia, egypt, the regime remains in place. although the protest movement has been largely pushed out of the capital, this is still attracting support. >> it is nighttime and the district's outside the capital, crowds are moving along the streets.
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the people are heading to this anti-government demonstration. opposition rallies might be allowed, they certainly have an air of a rock concert about them. they are very serious. beneath all of the glitz, there are some heartfelt stories being told. this human rights activists has been to jail and he says he was beaten. a visit to his house reveals windows that have been smashed in attacks by security forces. >> you see the high rate of unemployment, the high rate of people with no houses. you have the high rate of people with no nationality, on shiites. -- no nationality among shiites. >> some businesses have relocated to other countries,
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others are filling the void. >> we were looking for a regulatory framework that was offered by the central bank of bahrain. this has an excellent infrastructure. the proximity to saudi arabia is another reason. >> around the financial district, there is anecdotal evidence that the economy is suffering. building projects look stalled. in the streets of the capital, western tourists are markedly absent. many that sided with the opposition have lost their jobs. this man has a ph.d. in economics -- this woman has a ph.d. in economics and was fired for her association with the protest movement. >> my husband came home for lunch and he left and he was ambushed and he did not come home. and he was gone for 10 months.
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he was sentenced to three years in a military point of -- in a military court. i had no access to him. he was tortured. >> with the one-year anniversary of the uprising, it is possible that tension baubles to the surface once more. there is still a lot of unaddressed anger in the port district of bahrain. >> now to the latest in our series on the super rich. despite the economic situations, many are still enjoying the high life. in china, the growing ranks of millionaires are looking to gain status. now sports are part of that quest. we went to the city that is the host of a most unusual polo tournament. new game.s polo's
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organizers hope that the men in horseback can capture the middle kingdom. out what the developers are building a huge office and residential complex overlooking the fields. they want polo to become the playground for china's millionaires. >> chinese people are very interested in sports. they don't know a lot about it. any time that we introduce a sport that has a very high status and elsewhere in the world. that is where we see the potential. >> there is also money to be made. with the chinese economy still booming, the country's elite can afford a lavish lifestyle. in a country like china, where status really matters, this is a selling point.
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polo may have cache but it does not come cheap and to members fees cost upwards of $60,000 here. that means only the super rich can afford to saddle up. despite the freezing temperatures, these horses are used to the chill. with this sort of planning, players here believe that polo has a bright future in china. >> well, they certainly have the infrastructure for it. they have people, they have interest in people wanted to come to china. there is no reason why it should not take off. >> a form of polo is played during the tang dynasty over a thousand years ago. the sport has only recently been reintroduced. for many spectators here, this
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is the first time to see the game. >> i think it is a very excited it -- exciting game and it should be promoted in the country. we are enjoying better living standards. >> as china becomes more rich, the wealthy have looked to the west for new ways to spend the money. polo willping that become the latest winter. -- winner. >> that brings the show to a close. you can get constant updates on our website. on monday, please join us when katty kay will host the show live from mexico. until then, i hope you have a great weekend. for all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching.
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>> make sense of international >> funding was made possible by honolulu newman's own foundation and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of
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industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. presented by kcet los angeles.
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